Before You Begin
Tools Of The Trade
Designing Your Home
Building Permit Plans
Excavating Home Site
Laying Drain Pipes
Prepping For Slab
Pouring The Slab
Installing Sill Plate
cutting Outside Wall Parts
Framing & Raising interior Walls
Exterior Wall Sheathing
Cutting Out Openings
Wrapping The House
Preparing For Roof Trusses
Gettin Roof Trusses Ready
Raising Roof Trusses
Sheathing The Roof
Preping For Shingles
Shingling The Roof
Preparing For Siding
How To Select Siding
Siding The House
Siding Soffits & Trim
All studs, and rough opening parts, are cut to size. The first set of top and bottom plates are cut and marked. Now we can begin assembling and raising the outside walls.
Tools Needed: Framing Nailer, Round Head Framing Nails, Framing Square, Compressor, Hammer, Chalk Line.
How to locate and drill holes for anchor bolts, on bottom plate.
How to assemble all parts of first wall section.
How to verify the location and measurements of various parts of the wall.
How to nail an exterior wall together.
How to use chalk line as marker for the walls.
How to verify the location and measurements of various parts.
How to raise the first wall section.
How to erect and secure the wall.
How to plumb and brace section.
How to mark holes for anchor bolts on sole plate.
You will notice that some of the anchor bolts will interfere with the proper positioning of the bottom plate. For this reason you must now drill holes large enough to allow both bolts and nuts to fit through the bottom plate.
You can do this one of two ways. You can take measurements as you did prior to installing the sill plate and transfer those measurements onto the bottom plate, then drill.
Or If the bolts are not sticking out too far, you can align the bottom plate onto the sill plate and mark hole locations by hitting the bottom plate with a hammer, directly above the bolts. This will leave an imprint of the bolt on the bottom side of the bottom plate, which you can now drill to size.
How to assemble all the wall parts together.
About 2 feet from the edge of the slab directly across from the location of the first wall section is a good place to lay the bottom plate down.
Lay the top plate above the bottom plate leaving yourself a sufficient amount of room for the studs.
Starting at one end of the wall, begin aligning studs and rough opening parts. Align the edge of the stud with the line you have drawn on both top and bottom plates. Place the stud over the "X" next to each line.
Once done be sure to verify that all parts are where they are supposed to be and that all measurements are accurate.
The corner stud should be the intersection box.
How to nail the various wall parts together.
Nail all full length studs to top and bottom plates first. Using framing nails, insert three nails at each end of each stud, through both top and bottom plates.
Nail Trimmer studs to the bottom plate then nail to them to the adjoining studs.
Be sure to use Box intersections at corners and all locations where there will be an interior wall intersecting an outside wall.
Rest headers on top of trimmer studs and nail them in place.
Insert a cripple stud up against each trimmer stud and nail them through the bottom plate and also onto the trimmer stud.
Lay the rough sill on top of the cripple studs and nail it on.
Nail the remainder of the cripple studs both below the rough sill, and above headers, where applicable.
How to line up the wall along the entire length of the house.
The last thing you want to see when your outside walls are up, is an undulating wall along the length of the house. To ensure that this doesn't occur, you must use a guide along the entire perimeter of the house.
Measure in from the edge of the slab the exact with of the sole plate (bottom plate,) of your outside wall, and add 1/4" to that measurement. Make a mark at that location. Repeat this at each corner of the slab.
Using your chalk line, place the line on each mark and snap a line from one end of the slab to the other, until you have a guide line around the perimeter.
How to raise a wall.
If you are sure to have several people to help you raise your walls, you can now attach the
exterior sheathing to your wall section.
You can also
cut out your rough openings as well. However, a wall with sheathing is much heavier than one without sheathing. Be sure to have to have sufficient helping hands when it comes time to raise the walls.
You can also choose to frame a few wall sections before raising them. However, don't leave too many sections down without being raised as your margin of error may increase dramatically.
When you are ready to raise the wall section, line everyone along the wall. Count to 3 and have everyone raise the wall gently, at the same time.
Its important to make sure people don't get over zealous when raising the wall, otherwise you might find your wall toppled over on the other side of the slab.
Have a couple of people hold the wall in place while you line up the wall section with the chalk line you have just snapped.
Once aligned, nail the bottom plate to the sill plate, along the entire length of the wall section.
How to brace an exterior wall.
While you still have people holding the wall section in place, insert a couple of stake into the ground a few feet away from the wall you have just raise. This will give you a nailing surface for the supporting brace.
Nail one end of a long 2"x 4" onto each stake. This will be used as a brace.
Take the other end of brace over to the wall.
Plumb the wall in both directions, preferably using a 6' or longer level (using your level, make sure the wall is straight from left to right, and forward and backwards.)
When you are satisfied that the wall is plumb, support the wall by nailing the 2 braces onto the wall. This will maintain plumb and will protect against the wind as well.
If you are building in the winter and the ground is frozen, you can use the same bracing method. The difference being that the braces will face into the house and will be supported by blocks nailed to the slab.
Follow the above steps for the remainder of the wall sections throughout the exterior of the house.